This course provides an advanced overview of the history, pathophysiology, and diagnosis of nicotine dependence. Learners will achieve the following objectives: describe the history of tobacco, identify the epidemiology of tobacco use, recognize how nicotine creates dependence, characterize the patient populations with higher nicotine dependence, and explain the diagnosis, treatment options, and typical outcomes following treatment for nicotine dependence. Course is approved for 4.0 CEUs/contact hrs to RCFE Administrators in CA and Nurses (all states). Must pass final quiz witih 80% or more; may re-take as often as needed. Coure will be updated or discontinued on or before July 31, 2019.